It would be easy to blame the Puget Sound Partnership’s failure to clean up Puget Sound on a lack of leadership, funding and meaningful authority to control pollution, but the truth is that we are all to blame.
This is the year that we were promised a “swimmable, fishable, diggable” Puget Sound when ex-Gov. Christine Gregoire created the Partnership in 2007. But the Partnership’s bleak State of the Sound report reads just like every state agency recovery report since 1985. Nearly every indicator shows little progress being made. We face the same challenges, but now they’re amplified by explosive growth and climate change.
Recovering Puget Sound chinook is one of the Partnership’s main responsibilities, but chinook populations remain far below recovery goals despite having been listed as threatened since 1999 under the Endangered Species Act.
Endangered southern resident orca populations in Puget Sound are at a 40-year low and continue to decline.
Meanwhile, nearly 40,000 acres of shellfish beds remain closed because of pollution.
Lack of funding, existing land use and expectation of use are cited as the main reasons for the poor progress, but the real reason is lack of political will. That’s because we get the government we demand. Until we demand better, Puget Sound will not get better.
In 2017 treaty tribes in Western Washington offered a number of bold actions needed to recover the health of Puget Sound. Among them three are key:
•We must stop the decline of salmon habitat by changing our land-use policies to provide a net gain of functioning habitat. We are in a race to extinction of Puget Sound chinook, coho and steelhead because the status quo is not working.
•We must establish and enforce water quality standards that protect, conserve and restore water resources for salmon. In particular we must develop the green infrastructure needed to control polluted stormwater runoff into Puget Sound.
•We must provide space for our rivers, streams and shorelines to function and be protected by buffers and setbacks to reduce flooding and regulate stream temperatures.
Instead of these bold actions, regulations intended to protect the environment are being rolled back across the country at the request of industry with the help of the Environmental Protection Agency. We’ve seen it here in Washington with big oil, and the pulp and paper companies convincing the agency
to lower our water quality standards – the most protective of human health in the nation – because industry says they are too costly to implement. While the rollback process isn’t complete, we are not optimistic about the likely outcome with the current leadership.
We’re also seeing tugboat companies, cruise lines, other marine industries and EPA fighting to kill a no-discharge zone for human waste from boats. The Puget Sound no-discharge zone was a first for Washington, although there are 90 in 26 other states.
We have more than 150,000 recreational boats and more than 3,500 commercial vessels in 2,300 square miles of Puget Sound and lakes Washington and Union. Most already have holding tanks for sewage.
If we can’t even agree not to directly discharge our waste into Puget Sound, we have a problem.
All of us are the answer to what’s ailing Puget Sound and one thing is clear: We must help ourselves because no one else will.
Lorraine Loomis is chairwoman of the Northwest Indian Fisheries Commission. Her column runs monthly in this newspaper.